甘肃11选5彩票平台

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技术规程: 莴笋霜霉病抗病性鉴定筛选技术

发布日期: 2020-07-13来源:甘肃11选5彩票平台_甘肃11选5手机app官网【安全可靠】 阅读次数: 字体: [  ]背景颜色:

莴笋霜霉病抗病性鉴定筛选技术

LIJIAHUI XUDONGMEI HUANGHAITAO WENJING WANGZHIBIN NIUYISONG ZHANGJIE

MIANYANGSHINONGYEKEXUEYANJIUYUAN

WOSUNSHUANGMEIBINGKANGBINGXINGJIANDINGSHAIXUANJISHUBAOKUOMIAOQIHECHENGZHUQILIANGGESHIQIDEKANGBINGXINGJIANDINGSHAIXUAN,ZHUYAOYOUBINGYUANJUNDEJIEZHONGFANGFA、JIEZHONGSHIQI、DIAOCHASHIQIHEBINGQINGDIAOCHABIAOZHUNDENG4GEGUANJIANHUANJIE。SHIYONGYOUMIAOZUOSHICAIJINXINGKANGBINGXINGSHAIXUAN,KEZAIDUANQINEILIYONGJIAOXIAODEKONGJIANDUIDALIANGDEZHIWUQUNTIJINXINGJIANDINGSHAIXUAN,SHIZUIJIANJIEDEFANGFA;JIEHECHENGZHUQITIANJIANKANGXINGJIANDINGSHAIXUAN,KEQUANMIANDUIWOSUNZIYUANDEKANGBINGXINGJIANDINGJINXINGZHENGTIPINGJIA,YIBIANSHAIXUANCHUYOUYIDEKANGBINGZIYUAN,WEIWOSUNKANGBINGYUZHONGTIGONGKEXUEYIJU。

BENKANGBINGXINGJIANDINGSHAIXUANJISHUSHIZAIDUOCISHINEIJITIANJIANSHIYANDIAOCHA、FENXIDEJICHUSHANG,TANSUOCHUDEWOSUNMIAOQIKANGXINGJIANDINGFANGFA,TUICHUYIZHONGWOSUNSHUANGMEIBINGMIAOQIJIACHENGZHUQIKANGXINGJIANDINGSHAIXUANJIANBIAN、YOUXIAOKEKAODEFANGFA。BENJISHUSHIZAICHONGFENKAOLVLEWOSUNSHUANGMEIBINGFASHENG、FAZHANTEDIANDEJICHUSHANG,QUEBAOLETIXIDE4GEGUANJIANHUANJIEDEKEXUEXINGHEKECAOZUOXING,JIANLIQIKEXUEDEWOSUNSHUANGMEIBINGKANGBINGXINGJIANDINGSHAIXUANJISHU。

1SHINEIMIAOQIKANGXINGJIANDING

1.1JIANDINGQIANZHUNBEI

甘肃11选5彩票平台JIANDINGSHI: RENGONGJIEZHONGJIANDINGYINGJUBEIRENGONGDIAOJIEWENDU、SHIDUJIGUANGZHAOTIAOJIAN,SHIRENGONGJIEZHONGHOUJUBEILIANGHAODEFABINGHUANJING。

JIANDINGSHEJI: JIANDINGCAILIAOSUIJIPAILIE,ZHONGFU3CI,MEIYICHULI10ZHUMIAO。

JIANDINGCAILIAODUIZHAO: SHEGAOKANGPINZHONGWEIKANGBINGPINZHONG,SHEDANGDIYIGANBINGPINZHONGWEIGANBINGDUIZHAOPINZHONG。

1.2YUMIAOJIZHI

SHUCAIZHUANYONGYUMIAOJIZHI,JING135℃GAOWENMIEJUN30minHOU,ZHUANGRUXUEPANZHONGBEIYONG。

1.3JIANDINGCAILIAOCHULI

JIANDINGZHONGZIZAI5%CILVSUANNARONGYEZHONGJINZHONG10min。

1.4BOZHONG

JIANGCHULIHOUDEZHONGZIQINGSHUICHONGXIHOU,FANGRUDIANYOULIANGCENGLVZHIDEPEIYANGMINZHONG,ZHIYU18~20℃DEHENGWENPEIYANGXIANGZHONGCUIYA,DAI80%ZHONGZILUBAISHI,BOYUXUEPANNEI。

1.5JIEZHONGJUNYEDEZHIBEI

甘肃11选5彩票平台CONGTIANJIANCAIJIJUYOUDIANXINGSHUANGMEIBINGBINGBANDEWOSUNYEPIAN,YONGQINGSHUICHONGXIDIAOSHANGMIANLAODEMEICENGHOU,ZHIYU20℃,SHIDU(RH)100%DEPEIYANGXIANGZHONG,HEIANBAOSHI24h,DAIZHANGCHUXINDEHUISEMEICENGHOU,JIANGBINGYEJINRUSHUIZHONG,YONGGANJINGMAOSHUAJIANGBINGBANSHANGXINCHANSHENGDEBAOZINANGSHUARUZHUANGYOUWUJUNSHUIDESHAOBEIZHONG,HUODEFENLIWU,FENLIWUJINGXINGTAIXUEJIANDINGWEIYUNTAICHAGENGSHUANGMEIJUNHOUZHIJIEYONGYUJIEZHONG。

JIEZHONGQIAN,YONGGANJINGMAOSHUASHUAQUYEPIANSHANGZHANGCHUDEXINXIANBAOZINANGYUSHENGYOUWUJUNSHUIDESHAOBEIZHONG,ZAITIANJIA0.06g/L Tween-20,GAOSUJIAOBAN(1200r/min)3~5minHOUJIHUODEBAOZINANGXUANFUYE,YONGXUEQIUJISHUBANJIJISHUXISHIZHIJIEZHONGNONGDU,ZAI2hNEIWANCHENGJIEZHONG。

1.6JIEZHONG

JIEZHONGSHIJIAN: WOSUNZHENYE5~6PIANSHIQI。

JIEZHONGNONGDU: 5×103BAOZINANG/mL。

JIEZHONGFANGFA: CAIYONGPENWUJIEZHONGFA,YONGXIAOXINGSHOUCHIPENHU,JIANGJIEZHONGYEJUNYUNDIPENYUWOSUNYEPIANZHENG、FANLIANGMIANYUDIXIAWEIZHI。

JIEZHONGHOUGUANLI: JIANGZHIZHUZHIYU18~20℃JIANDINGSHINEIHEIANBAOSHI(RHWEI100%)24h,MEITIANGUANGZHAO14h,BUZAIBAOSHI。JIEZHONGHOUQIGUANLIQIJIANSHISHIJIAOSHUI,WENDUKONGZHIZAI20~24℃FANWEI。

1.7BINGQINGDIAOCHA

甘肃11选5彩票平台DIAOCHASHIJIAN: JIEZHONGHOU7dDIAOCHABINGQING。

甘肃11选5彩票平台BINGQINGJIBIEHUAFENJIQIXIANGDUIYINGDEZHENGZHUANGMIAOSHUJIANBIAO1。

甘肃11选5彩票平台DIAOCHAJIEZHONGZHUFABINGQINGKUANG,GENJUBINGHAIZHENGZHUANGMIAOSHU,JINXINGDIAOCHA,JIZAIDANZHUBINGQINGJIBIE,JISUANBINGQINGZHISHU(DI),BINGQINGZHISHUANGONGSHI(1)JISUAN:

SHIZHONG:

DI——BINGQINGZHISHU;

s——GEBINGQINGJIBIEDAIBIAOZHI;

n——GEBINGQINGJIBIEBINGYESHU;

N——DIAOCHAZONGYESHU;

甘肃11选5彩票平台S——ZUIGAOBINGQINGJIBIEDAIBIAOZHI。

1.8KANGBINGXINGPINGJIA

甘肃11选5彩票平台YIJUJIANDINGCAILIAOZHONGFUBINGQINGZHISHU(DI)DEPINGJUNZHIQUEDINGQIKANGXINGSHUIPING,HUAFENBIAOZHUNJIANBIAO2。

1.9JIANDINGYOUXIAOBIANBIE

甘肃11选5彩票平台DANGGANBINGDUIZHAOCAILIAODADAOQIXIANGYINGGANBINGCHENGDU(DI>50),GAIPICIKANGSHUANGMEIBINGJIANDINGSHIWEIYOUXIAO。

2 CHENGZHUQIKANGXINGJIANDING

甘肃11选5彩票平台2.1JIANDINGBINGPUSUOXUTIAOJIAN

甘肃11选5彩票平台WOSUNRENGONGSHUANGMEIBINGPUYINGJIANLIZAIYOULIYUSHUANGMEIBINGFASHENGDEDIQU,ZHENGCHANGNIANFENGANBINGDUIZHAODEBINGQINGZHISHUNENGDADAO45.0YISHANG;BINGPUDISHIPINGTAN,ZHOUWEIYINGJUYOUGELISHESHI。

2.2QIANQIZHUNBEI

JIANDINGSHEJI: JIANDINGCAILIAOSUIJIPAILIE,3CIZHONGFU,MEIFENCAILIAOZHONGZHIYIXIANG,MEIXIANGZHONGZHI10ZHU。

甘肃11选5彩票平台JIANDINGCAILIAODUIZHAO: SHEGAOKANGPINZHONGWEIKANGBINGPINZHONG,SHEDANGDIYIGANBINGPINZHONGWEIGANBINGDUIZHAOPINZHONG。

甘肃11选5彩票平台ZAIPEISHIJIANXUANZE: SHIJIANDINGWOSUNZHONGZHIZIYUANZAISHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGYUDAODANGDIWOSUNSHUANGMEIBINGBAOFASHIQI,YIBANZAIDONGJIJINXING。

2.3ZHONGZICHULI

BOZHONGQIANJIANGZHONGZIZAITAIYANGXIASHAI5~8h,ZHONGZIXIAODUKEXIANYONGWENTANGJINZHONG,RANHOUFANGRULENGSHUIZHONGJINPAO3~6h,YEKEYONGZHONGZIZHONGLIANG0.3%DE50%YIJUNNIAOKESHIXINGFENJIBANZHONG。

2.4MIAOCHUANGZHUNBEI

苗床应选择向阳、管理方便的地块,壤土或沙壤土均可,种植每667m2的莴笋需苗床面积20~30m2甘肃11选5彩票平台。苗床消毒可用50%多菌灵可湿性粉剂兑水喷施。苗床覆盖用土可选专用育苗基质或自配营养土(用近三年未种植过菊科作物的肥沃田土2份与经过无害化处理的有机肥1份和适当的三元复合肥或单质肥料混合均匀,过筛后备用)。

2.5BOZHONG

JINZHONGHOUBOZHONG,JIANGJINPAODEZHONGZILAOCHULIGANSHUIFEN,SHIZHONGZIYUYUMIAOJIZHIHUOGUOSHAIXITUHUNYUN,JUNYUNSABOYUMIAOCHUANG,ZHIHOUFUGAI0.5cmHOUDEYUMIAOJIZHIHUOZIPEIYINGYANGTU。BOZHONGHOUFUGAIDIMO,DAI50%YOUMIAOCHUTUHOU,JIEQUDIMO。

2.6MIAOQIGUANLI

CHUMIAOQIANBAOCHIMIAOCHUANGSHIRUN,YILIYUCHUMIAO。JISHIJIANMIAO,ZAIYOUMIAO1~2PIANZHENYESHIJIANMIAO1CI,JIANQUGUOMIMIAO、XIZHANGMIAOHERUOMIAODENG。3~4PIANZHENYESHIDI2CIJIANMIAO,MIAOJIANJU4~5cm。MEICIJIANMIAOHOU,JISHIZHUISHIFEISHUI1CI,YAOQINGJIAO。MIAOQIKONGZHIFEISHUI,SHIYEPIANFEIHOU、PINGZHAN,WUBINGBAN、GENXIFADA,FANGZHITUZHANG,YOUMIAO5~6PIANZHENYESHIDINGZHI。TONGSHI,MIAOQIYINGZHUYIFANGZHISHUANGMEIBING、JUNHEBINGHEYACHONGDENGBINGCHONGHAI。

2.7ZHENGDIZUOXIANG

以重施基肥为主,后期追肥为辅。平衡配方施肥,结合整地,每667m2施充分腐熟的农家肥3000~4000kg,合理配合使用化肥,并施入适量硼锌等微肥。肥料均匀撒施于土地表面,翻耕2遍、耙平,做成1m左右的宽厢。

2.8DINGZHI

ANZHUJU32~35cm,XINGJU35~38cmDINGZHI。XUANZEYINTIANHUOQINGTIANXIAWUJINXING,LIYUHUANMIAO。DAXIAOMIAOFENKAIDINGZHI,BIANYUJIZHONGGUANLI。DINGZHIQIANYITIANMIAOCHUANGJIAOTOUSHUI,QIMIAOSHIDUODAITU,WAXUEYIZAI,SHENDUYIBUMAIMEIXINYEWEIYI,DINGZHIHOUJISHIJIAODINGGENSHUI。

2.9TIANJIANGUANLI

2.9.1HUANMIAOQI

定植缓苗后施速效性氮肥,每667m2用尿素2~3kg或适量水溶肥。

2.9.2LIANZUOQI

LIANZUOQIJIEHEJIAOSHUIZHUIFEIYICI,MEI667m2YONGSANYUANFUHEFEI(LIUSUANJIAXING)7.5~10kgJIANIAOSU1.5~2kg。

2.9.3ROUZHIJINGPENGDAQI

肉质茎膨大期应加大水肥供应,一般每667m2用三元复合肥10~15kg或适量水溶肥,并叶面喷施叶面肥或含氨基酸水溶肥2~3次。

甘肃11选5彩票平台ZHENGGESHENGZHANGQIBAOCHISHIYIDESHIDU,YILIYUSHUANGMEIBINGDEFASHENG。QUEBAOGEXIANGTIANJIANGUANLIJUNYUNYIZHI。

2.10BINGQINGDIAOCHASHIQIQUELI

甘肃11选5彩票平台BINGQINGDIAOCHASHIQIQUELIDEJIBENYUANZEYINGGAISHISHIGECAILIAOZHIZHUJIANDEKANGGANCHAYIDEDAOZUICHONGFENDEFANYING。WEICI,DIAOCHAYINGZAIBINGQINGJIBENWENDINGQIEGANBINGDUIZHAOZHIZHUQUANZHUFABINGSHIJINXING。TIANJIANWOSUNZHIZHUDEBINGQINGYIBANZAIJINGPENGZHONGHOUQICAIJIBENWENDING,YINCIZAIJINGPENGDAKAISHIHOUDE10~15TIANJINXINGBINGQINGDIAOCHAXIANGDUIKEXUEHELI。BINGQINGJIBIEHUAFEN、ZHENGZHUANGMIAOSHUJIDIAOCHAFANGFATONG1.7。

2.11KANGBINGXINGPINGJIA

KANGBINGXINGPINGJIATONG1.8。

2.12JIANDINGYOUXIAOBIANBIE

DANGGANBINGDUIZHAOCAILIAODADAOQIXIANGYINGGANBINGCHENGDU(DI>50),GAIPICIKANGSHUANGMEIBINGJIANDINGSHIWEIYOUXIAO。

m2

m2

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